when u are unwell with influenza-like illness (ILI), practice the following:
1-Be socially responsible
stay at home and rest. Drink plenty of clear fluids like water and clear soups to prevent dehydration.
2 -Minimize physical contact with others including household members.
3 -Keep yourself in a room separate from the common areas from the house, use a separate toilet and avoid having meals with others.
4 -Wear a mask even at home to avoid transmission to household members. dispose your used mask in a plastic bag, tie it up and throw it into covered rubbish bin. wash your hands thoroughly after disposal of the used mask.
5 -If you need to go out, wear a surgical mask.
6 -In addition:
- avoid close contact with other people.
- avoid taking public transport.
- avoid attending larger meetings of visiting crowded places.
- refrain from air travel if possible.
Special care should be taken to avoid the following groups of persons who are at hight risk of developing influenza - relate complications:
- children < 5 years
- pregnant women
- have underlying medical condition such as asthma, chronic lung disease.
- on dialysis
- on immunosuppressants
- under going cancer treatment
- on long-term aspirin therapy
- persons age 65 years and older.
Observe Good Personal Hygiene
- cover your mouth and nose with tissue paper when coughing or sneezing. dispose the used tissue paper in the rubbish bin properly.
- wash your hands every time you touch your nose, mouth or eyes.
- maintain good indoor ventilation.
- wash/wipe surfaces soiled with sputum, phlegm, nose discharge or vomit with 1:50 diluted household bleach immediately ( i.e. adding 1 part of bleach to 50 parts of water ). metallic surfaces can be cleaned with 70% alcohol.
- if you need come into close contact to anyone, both you and the uninfected person should wear surgical masks and maintain a distance of at least two metres from each other.
- if you have been given medical leave, do not return to work or school before the end of the leave period.
Emergency Warning Signs In Adults
- breathlessness or chest pain
- purple or blue discolouration of the lips
- severe and persistent vomiting
- sign of dehydration such as dizziness when standing and absence of urination
- seizures (fits)
- being less responsive than normal, drowsy or confused
Emergency Warning Signs In Children
- lack of tears when crying
- poor feeding
** information from ministry of health Singapore